1Samuel 17:29 And David said, What have I now done? Is there not a cause?
https://youtu.be/RL5eNCxrq5Y Samuel 17
.Did we land on the moon? [yes- I talk about it]
.Corruption in government
.The valley of Elah
.Why so mad David?
.Next video- is the earth flat? [I hope you realize this is a joke]
NEW- [past posts- verses below]
Most of us are familiar with this chapter- David fights Goliath.
The Philistines are in battle formation on one side of the valley-
And Israel on the other.
A great warrior from the Philistine’s side comes out and makes a challenge.
‘Instead of both our armies killing each other- just send out one of your guys to fight me- if he wins- we will become your slaves’.
But if I kill him- ‘you serve us’.
Simple- the idea was not new- it was practiced by the Greeks.
The bible tells us that the army of Israel feared greatly when they heard the challenge.
Not just because Goliath was huge- but because they were men of their word.
The challenge was serious- if they lost- the whole ‘promised land’ thing was over.
So- the giant makes the challenge for 40 days- and no one takes him up on it.
David- still a young shepherd boy- brings some food to the front lines and hears the threat.
He says ‘who does this guy think he is- he’s challenging God’!
His oldest brother hears David saying this- and challenges his motive-
‘Who do you think you are- you just came up to see the fight’.
Remember- his oldest brother was already passed up to be the next king- and David was anointed by Samuel.
So- there is already some friction here.
David turns away- and keeps asking.
The words of David can be misunderstood- sort of like ‘sure- he talks big- but he has nothing to back it up’.
The Corinthians said the same thing about Paul.
10 For his letters, say they, are weighty and powerful; but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech contemptible.
11 Let such an one think this, that, such as we are in word by letters when we are absent, such will we be also in deed when we are present.
But David meant it- he had a real anger about what the giant was getting away with.
The bible says the zeal for God’s house has ‘eaten me up’.
For the zeal of thine house hath eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me. Ps. 69:9
And his disciples remembered that it was written, The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up. Jn. 2:17
Referring to the righteous anger that Jesus also had.
And this type of anointing can be misunderstood- most people do not believe others can have such a determination for a cause- that they would be willing to risk their lives.
Saul hears that there is some guy in the camp who is willing to take up the challenge- and he calls for him.
David shows up-
Saul says ‘you can’t fight him- you’re a kid- and he a man of war since he was a kid’.
David says when he was taking care of the sheep- he killed both a bear- and a lion when they threatened the fold.
And he says God will do the same with this ‘uncircumcised Philistine’.
David is not just making a derogatory statement here- he is saying ‘this guy is not even part of the covenant promise that we have’.
Circumcision was the sign of the Old Covenant- and it did carry weight with it.
So- Saul gives the permission- and David is off to meet the challenge.
He put on Saul’s armor- but it was too much for him.
So he stuck with the weapons he was familiar with-
He takes 5 stones from the brook- and goes with a staff and sling.
Often times we make the mistake- and try and imitate others to get the job done.
No- keep it simple- use the tools you are already skilled with- God will do the rest.
As the giant sees David- he too disdains him 'what- you send some kid to fight me- I will feed him to the birds’.
At this point I think David is getting tired of everybody challenging his ability.
David says ‘I come to you in the name of the living God’.
He slings the rock [the average rock for this type of stuff- was about the size of a baseball- and a good ‘slinger’ could sling it at around 100 miles per hour- it was no pebble].
David hits the giant in the head- and he falls face forward- dead.
David has no sword- so he walks up to the giant- takes his sword [which we will read about later in the book of Samuel as well].
He chops the giants head off- and walks away with it- in hand.
‘Wow John- guess the Philistines surrender at this point- right?’
Wrong- they were not men of their word- and fled.
But it made no difference- the army of Saul chases them down and finishes the job.
A few things-
David shows the head to Saul- and then the bible tells us he brought it to Jerusalem.
‘What’s wrong with that John’?
Well- Jerusalem is not the capitol city of Israel yet.
Some people called the Jebusites still had it.
It was a strong fortress city- and David grew up under its shadow.
Bethlehem was about 8 miles away.
Now- David just had a great victory- he was already anointed as king- yet did not hold the official title yet.
How could he have walked up to Jerusalem- still held by enemies- and place the head of the giant there?
I think David might have been making plans for his capitol.
He knew Jerusalem was rightfully part of the inheritance- and it was a good fortress city.
He might have been sending a message-
‘Look- I just killed some guy with this huge head- and your next’.
And after the Jebusites got wind of the story- they might have ‘allowed’ David to place the trophy on the gate.
Either way David had a great victory this day- all who challenged his motives and skill, including the giant- were proven wrong.
David is now being seen in the eyes of the people as a great leader- even at this young age.
When men of ability rise up in a kingdom- it’s usually a good thing.
After all- you have a great fighter on your team.
But when Kings who are over them- are struggling with their own identity- then it’s not a great thing.
And Saul was one of those types of kings
1st- 2nd Samuel- [video links included]
https://ccoutreach87.wordpress.com/1st-2nd-samuel/ [Old commentary I wrote years ago]
https://youtu.be/iImxoD3cRfQ Samuel preview
1Samuel 17:1 Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongeth to Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephesdammim.
1Samuel 17:2 And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines.
1Samuel 17:3 And the Philistines stood on a mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side: and there was a valley between them.
1Samuel 17:4 And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.
1Samuel 17:5 And he had an helmet of brass upon his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of brass.
1Samuel 17:6 And he had greaves of brass upon his legs, and a target of brass between his shoulders.
1Samuel 17:7 And the staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam; and his spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron: and one bearing a shield went before him.
1Samuel 17:8 And he stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and said unto them, Why are ye come out to set your battle in array? am not I a Philistine, and ye servants to Saul? choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me.
1Samuel 17:9 If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then shall ye be our servants, and serve us.
1Samuel 17:10 And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together.
1Samuel 17:11 When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed, and greatly afraid.
1Samuel 17:12 Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehemjudah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons: and the man went among men for an old man in the days of Saul.
1Samuel 17:13 And the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.
1Samuel 17:14 And David was the youngest: and the three eldest followed Saul.
1Samuel 17:15 But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem.
1Samuel 17:16 And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.
1Samuel 17:17 And Jesse said unto David his son, Take now for thy brethren an ephah of this parched corn, and these ten loaves, and run to the camp of thy brethren;
1Samuel 17:18 And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.
1Samuel 17:19 Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
1Samuel 17:20 And David rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him; and he came to the trench, as the host was going forth to the fight, and shouted for the battle.
1Samuel 17:21 For Israel and the Philistines had put the battle in array, army against army.
1Samuel 17:22 And David left his carriage in the hand of the keeper of the carriage, and ran into the army, and came and saluted his brethren.
1Samuel 17:23 And as he talked with them, behold, there came up the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the armies of the Philistines, and spake according to the same words: and David heard them.
1Samuel 17:24 And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him, and were sore afraid.
1Samuel 17:25 And the men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that is come up? surely to defy Israel is he come up: and it shall be, that the man who killeth him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father's house free in Israel.
1Samuel 17:26 And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?
1Samuel 17:27 And the people answered him after this manner, saying, So shall it be done to the man that killeth him.
1Samuel 17:28 And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why camest thou down hither? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle.
1Samuel 17:29 And David said, What have I now done? Is there not a cause?
1Samuel 17:30 And he turned from him toward another, and spake after the same manner: and the people answered him again after the former manner.
1Samuel 17:31 And when the words were heard which David spake, they rehearsed them before Saul: and he sent for him.
1Samuel 17:32 And David said to Saul, Let no man's heart fail because of him; thy servant will go and fight with this Philistine.
1Samuel 17:33 And Saul said to David, Thou art not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him: for thou art but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth.
1Samuel 17:34 And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father's sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock:
1Samuel 17:35 And I went out after him, and smote him, and delivered it out of his mouth: and when he arose against me, I caught him by his beard, and smote him, and slew him.
1Samuel 17:36 Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God.
1Samuel 17:37 David said moreover, The LORD that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul said unto David, Go, and the LORD be with thee.
1Samuel 17:38 And Saul armed David with his armour, and he put an helmet of brass upon his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail.
1Samuel 17:39 And David girded his sword upon his armour, and he assayed to go; for he had not proved it. And David said unto Saul, I cannot go with these; for I have not proved them. And David put them off him.
1Samuel 17:40 And he took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in a shepherd's bag which he had, even in a scrip; and his sling was in his hand: and he drew near to the Philistine.
1Samuel 17:41 And the Philistine came on and drew near unto David; and the man that bare the shield went before him.
1Samuel 17:42 And when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he disdained him: for he was but a youth, and ruddy, and of a fair countenance.
1Samuel 17:43 And the Philistine said unto David, Am I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves? And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.
1Samuel 17:44 And the Philistine said to David, Come to me, and I will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field.
1Samuel 17:45 Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied.
1Samuel 17:46 This day will the LORD deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel.
1Samuel 17:47 And all this assembly shall know that the LORD saveth not with sword and spear: for the battle is the LORD's, and he will give you into our hands.
1Samuel 17:48 And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came, and drew nigh to meet David, that David hastened, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.
1Samuel 17:49 And David put his hand in his bag, and took thence a stone, and slang it, and smote the Philistine in his forehead, that the stone sunk into his forehead; and he fell upon his face to the earth.
1Samuel 17:50 So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him; but there was no sword in the hand of David.
1Samuel 17:51 Therefore David ran, and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him, and cut off his head therewith. And when the Philistines saw their champion was dead, they fled.
1Samuel 17:52 And the men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the Philistines, until thou come to the valley, and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even unto Gath, and unto Ekron.
1Samuel 17:53 And the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines, and they spoiled their tents.
1Samuel 17:54 And David took the head of the Philistine, and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armour in his tent.
1Samuel 17:55 And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, whose son is this youth? And Abner said, As thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell.
1Samuel 17:56 And the king said, Enquire thou whose son the stripling is.
1Samuel 17:57 And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand.
1Samuel 17:58 And Saul said to him, Whose son art thou, thou young man? And David answered, I am the son of thy servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.
So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward.
But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all. Gal. 4:26
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